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|Eco-centered facilitation (ecofacilitation) is an approach to psychotherapy, counseling, and facilitation formulated by Ukrainian psychologist Pavel Lushyn, Ph.D. in his book Psychology of Individual Transitions, published in 2002, and over a hundred articles. Ecofacilitation is the process of regulating individual as an open and dynamic system in order to preserve the state of self-development. Ecofacilition grew out of Rogerian person-centered facilitation, yet fundamentally different in mechanisms of regulation. |
Facilitation (person-centered approach) vs. Ecofacilitation (eco-centered approach)
Facilitation is aimed at regulating individual’s existing potential. Ecofacilitation is aimed at supporting self-development. Need in such support arises under the circumstances of transitioning to a new identity in psychological and social ecological systems (systemic transition). These circumstances are experienced as stagnation, i.e. deceleration of self-development (in temporal terms – interruption of self-developmental rhythm).Ecofacilitor engages in accelerating client’s self-development by reconstructing the rhythm in a sequence of life events. In dialectical logics (according to Hegel) self-developmental rhythm can be represented as thesis – antithesis – synthesis. Ecofacilitation helps "navigate” individual’s ambiguity when new identity and new resources for consequent development are being generated (this is consistent with tolerance for ambiguity phenomenon).
Facilitation is provided under lack of congruency, contradictions in clients’ emotional experiences. Ecofacilitation is provided when either a client or a therapist is experiencing a communicative barrier (dead end) in self-development. Thus, psychotherapy is processes that underlies reconstruction of social ecosystems bases.
The result of facilitation is improvement of client’s state. The result of ecofacilitation is generation of new self-regulation options for the individual as a social subject and for the social ecosystem as a whole.
In facilitation achieving the aim is a result of creating unconditional positive regard towards the client. In ecofacilitation achieving the aim is a result of experiencing transitional developmental zone, characterized by a high degree of ambiguity on the part of all participants of the self-regulated psychotherapeutic system.
Technically speaking, facilitation has to do with procedures of active listening, empathic and advanced listening. Ecofacilitation has to do with collectively-generated insight. The structure of the later corresponds to the nature of rhythm-reconstructing activity (P. Lushyn’s revision of EMDR protocol). Ecofacilitation is revising individual psychotherapy format into a distributed activity within the therapeutic community of inquiry as a self-regulated ecosystem. In this system both the therapist and the client have functions of participating and facilitating, i.e. they both introduce clinical/psychotherapeutic material and foster group dynamics.
Summary of Key Ideas and Principles
• Ecofacilitation is related to reconstructing individual's resources in times of systemic transitions.
References and Links
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